It is said that the art of caricature was popular in the world long before the advent of journalism and even the invention of the printing industry, and in fact has a long life span of written human history.
The art of caricature, cartoon (or any title given to it in different languages) was invented and practiced in ancient times centuries ago.
The first caricatures of political and social issues were found in excavations in the city of Pompeii, which was hidden under volcanic lava almost 1,900 years ago.
In the last century, although there have been many caricatures in the paintings of great 16th century painters such as Holbein and Bruegel, the caricature tradition, which is based on the emphasis on the funny aspects of the subject of caricature, dates back to the 17th century. AD was founded by annibale carracci in Italy.
Italian painter Agustino Caracci was the first artist to paint comics of real human faces to entertain himself and his friends. Those who visited his workshop became the subjects of his pictures. These visitors saw their faces in the form of dogs, pigs, mules, or even pitchers of water and loaves of bread. Details) is built. After Karachi, many Italian painters chose this style - caricature.
After that, other artists turned to caricature. The most famous of these was the English painter William Hogarth in the 18th century (1797-1697). Hogarth did not want to be known as a cartoonist. In fact, his work was much more serious than the cartoons he had drawn before. In his drawings and paintings, all the evil and stupid things in England at that time are shown. He rarely painted the real faces of people, but the characters in his paintings include good and bad people, drunks, men and fashionable women.Hogarth was a great artist and showed how meaningful a cartoon can be. Other British artists followed the Hogarth method to portray ugliness and stupidity, especially in politics.
The most famous of these artists were Thomas Rowlandson (1827-1756), James Guillery (1815-1757) and George Cruikshank (1878-1792). They ridiculed and attacked everything from various models of hats to famous politicians. These images, with their violent and disgusting methods, had the same effect as the caricatures in the newspapers today, and show the attitude of these artists during the forty years (1780-1820) to the events of that time.
In 1830, the French artist and publisher Charles Philipon (1802-62) published a cheap and illustrated newspaper devoted to caricature. Called the "La caricature", it was so popular that two years later it decided to publish the Philippines in another newspaper, the La. Charivari.
They were barred from submitting work several times. One of the leading painters working for the newspaper, Honoré Daumier (1808-79), was sentenced to six months in prison for his portrayal of King Louis Philippe swallowing money bags...
To be continue..